spacer topics
 

Museum Experience
Plan a Field Trip
Teacher's Page
MCWM – Directions & Location
Civil War History/Trivia/Facts
Jefferson Barracks History
MCWM in the Community



 

HISTORY/TRIVIA/FACTS

1861: MILITARY OPERATION IN MISSOURI

(Actions, Activities, Affairs, Battles, Engagements, Expeditions, Scouting, Skirmishes)

 

Jan. 7 The state of Alabama's Commissioner, Wm. Cooper's correspondence with former Missouri Governor, R. M. Stewart and current Governor, Claiborne F. Jackson. Discussion of "Black Republicanism" and the secession crisis.

Jan. 7-8 The Minute Men militia, a secessionist paramilitary unit, is founded at Washington Hall, St. Louis. The Berthold Mansion (at 5th and Pine) will become their headquarters for enlistment. (1, 4)

Jan. 11 Federal soldiers marching from Jefferson Barracks, under command of Lt. Thompson, arrive at the U.S. Custom House and Sub-Treasury in St. Louis to secure and transfer the government funds for safe keeping at the St. Louis Arsenal.(1)

Jan. 11 The Republican paramilitary organization, "Wide Awakes," founded by Frank Blair (founder of the Missouri Republican party) is disbanded and the "Union Club" is organized to encompass non-Republican Union men. (1)

Jan. 15 Gunpowder (4,500 kegs) purchased by the Missouri state government is seized by Confederates at New Orleans. This was a major loss for the military needs of the Gov. Jackson administration. (1)

Jan. 24 A plot is exposed to secretly transfer the St. Louis Arsenal to the state of Missouri. Maj. Bell in command resigns over the controversy. (1)

Feb. 6 Capt. Nathaniel Lyon is transferred to St. Louis from Ft. Riley, Kansas. (1)

Feb. 18 State election for delegates to be elected to represent the people of Missouri in a convention to consider the secession of the state from the Union. Of 140,000 cast state-wide, 110,000 were for Unionist delegates, including both Conditional and Unconditional Unionists. (Conditional Unionists were those wanting the state to remain in the Union as long as the Federal government did not coerce the state, violating its state's rights.). (4)

Feb. 19 Brig. Gen. William S. Harney (U.S.) reports to Washington that the St. Louis Arsenal is secure.

Feb. 21 Major P. V. Hagner at the St. Louis Arsenal reports of the condition of the troops being quartered at the arsenal.

March 3 A secessionist flag (some sources say a Missouri flag) was erected over the St. Louis courthouse dome. Deed was done by the Minute Men militia.  Flag was removed before dawn on the next day by the court custodian. (1, 2)

March 3 A secessionist flag is raised over the Berthold mansion by the Minute Men militia. A large crowd of armed pro-Union men appear on the scene. The heavily armed Minute Men load a swivel gun loaded with musket balls and nails to keep the Union crowd at bay. The mayor of St. Louis as well as Gen. Frost's Missouri militia and St. Louis police appear on the scene and break up the confrontation.  (1, 2)

March 4 President Abraham Lincoln takes the oath of office in Washington. 

March 4 The Missouri State Convention begins its meetings in St. Louis to consider the secession of the state of Missouri from the Union. (1, 5, 6 )

March 5 A military bill, giving the governor sweeping military empowerment is proposed, but it is rejected by the Missouri legislature at Jefferson City. (4)

March 9 The Committee on Federal Relations at the convention in St. Louis issued its report that in a "military aspect secession and connection with a Southern Confederacy is annihilation for Missouri." It also resolved that 1) "No adequate cause exists for the withdrawal of Missouri from the Union." 2) Belief that all the "seceded states would return to the Union if the Crittenden proposition were adopted." 3) It would entreat the Federal government not employ force against the seceding states..." (5)

March 11 Frank P. Blair requests that Capt. Nathaniel Lyon take command of the troops at the St. Louis Arsenal.

March 21 The Missouri State Convention adjourns after voting against secession, stating "no adequate cause [existed] to impel Missouri to dissolve her connections with the Federal Union." The final vote was 98-1.  (4)

April 15 Lincoln issues call for four thousand Missouri volunteers to put down rebellion in the states that have seceded from the Union. (4)

April 16/17 Governor Claiborne F. Jackson rejects Lincoln's request, saying, "Your requisition...is illegal, unconstitutional, and revolutionary in its objects, inhuman and diabolical, and cannot be complied with." (4, 6)

April 17 Five thousand muskets from the St. Louis Arsenal are issued to U.S. Reserve Corps ("Home Guard") to defend Federal installations in the city. (1, 6)

April 19 A fifteen canon salute is fired from the Missouri capitol as the governor's response to Lincoln is announced and news is received that Virginia had seceded from the Union. (4)

April 20 Seizure of the Liberty Arsenal (the Missouri State Militia seizes U.S. arsenal, without orders from Gov. Jackson). (1)

April 20 Armed men belonging to the pro-secessionist Minute Men militia congregate at the Southern Rights Democrats headquarters in the Berthold Mansion (Fifth and Pine). (1)

April 21 St. Louis Arsenal re-enforced by "several hundred selected volunteers."(1)

April 22 Gov. Jackson calls for general muster of Missouri State Militia across the entire state. (6)

April 23 Gen. William S. Harney (U.S. Army), Commander of U.S. Arsenal in St. Louis is recalled to Washington. Capt. Nathaniel Lyon takes command. (1)

April 25 Capt. Lyon (U.S. Army) transfers guns and ammunition from St. Louis Arsenal to Alton, Illinois, for safe keeping.  (30,000 muskets, 50 tons of gunpowder, 150,000 cartridges, field pieces, and siege guns). (1)

April 25 Minute Men militia raid a St. Louis street car (at 5th and Locust) reported to have been carrying arms to a pro-Union home guard in the 10th Ward. Only a sword carried by a German home guard officer was retrieved. (1)

April 26 With guns drawn at the St. Louis riverfront, Minute Men militia temporarily halt a Federal shipment of 600 arms, destined to be shipped to Louisville, Kentucky. As the militia was in the process of transporting the arms to their headquarters at the Berthold Mansion, the city police intercepted and without a fight, redirected the cargo to its intended destination. (1)

May 3 Missouri Volunteer militia begin arriving at Lindell's Grove, north of the City of St. Louis, the location for Camp Jackson. (1)

May 4 Affair, Kansas City (United States ordnance stores seized).

May 9 St. Louis: Before dawn the Confederate flagged steamboat, the J.C. Swan delivers two 12-pound howitzers, two 32-pound siege guns, muskets and ammunition  for the Missouri State Militia encamped at Camp Jackson. These were sent from the Federal Arsenal at Baton Rouge, La., that was taken over by the Confederates. (3)

May 10 Capture of Camp Jackson, St. Louis County (Encampment of Missouri State Militia captured by Federal forces). Federal troops fired upon (three wounded, two killed) and returned fire, killing 28 and wounding dozens of civilians. ("Camp Jackson Massacre"). (1, 3)

May 10 Missouri State government (21st General Assembly) passes the Military Act that empowers governor to "suppress rebellion and repel invasion," as the Federal government is viewed as hostile by State Legislature (4) This measure included the formation of the Missouri State Guard, with its Commander-In-Chief being Gov. Claiborne Fox Jackson, with former governor, Sterling Price, in command of all field forces. It established the formation of nine divisions, composed of men age 18 to 45 years old. Volunteers were preferred but local division commanders could draft individuals as needed. (8)


Capt. Nathaniel Lyon's Report of his actions, dated May 11, 1861.
Brig. Gen. D. M. Frost's letters of protest, dated May 10th and 11th 1861.
May 11 St. Louis: Federal troops wounded after being fired upon by crowd. Troops return fire, killing half a dozen civilians. Riot St. Louis. (1)
May 11 A meeting by pro-Union men, unhappy with the heavy-handed actions of Capt. Lyon meet in the St. Louis Mayor's office and agree to send representatives to Washington to request his removal. (1)


May 12 Gen. William S. Harney (U.S. Army) returns to St. Louis, takes over command from Capt. Lyon. (1) Gen. Harney's proclamation after resuming command.


May 14  Gen. Harney's letter to the people of Missouri.
May 14 Gen. Harney, in reply to an inquiry, reassures slave owners that the Federal government has no interest in interfering in slavery. See Harney's Letter to Thomas T. Gantt, of St. Louis.


May 15 Gen. Harney makes a request to the War Department for permission to raise a regiment "exclusively of Irishmen," to help alleviate hostility to Federal troops who are overwhelmingly German. 
May 15 An expedition of Federal soldiers, authorized by Gen. Harney, leaves from St. Louis to Potosi to retrieve gunpowder and ammunition in storage along the Iron Mountain Railroad. (1) Capt. Nathaniel Lyon's and Capt. Cole's reports, dated May 16, 1861.


May 16 James E. Yeatman and Hamilton R. Gamble accompany U.S. Attorney General Edward Bates (also a St. Louisan), to a meeting with President Lincoln to request the removal of Capt. Nathaniel Lyon from his post in Missouri. Also at the meeting, on behalf of Lyon, Franklin A. Dick succeeds in defending Lyon after enlisting the help of Postmaster General, Montgomery Blair and Secretary of War, Simon Cameron. (1)


May 17 Gen. William S. Harney urgently requested 10,000 arms to be made available for distribution to loyal citizens in order to defend themselves from secessionists. He also requests that troops be sent from Minnesota and Iowa for protection of the state.  See also Col. Frank Blair's reaction to the Price-Harney agreement, dated 24 May.
May 20 Lyon receives notice he is promoted to Brigadier-General of U.S. Volunteers, effective May 18th. (1)


May 22 Secessionists reported to have seized 15,000 pounds of lead at Lebanon, Mo. 
May 22 Sources in St. Joseph, Mo. report the U.S. flag torn down at the post office and torn into shreds. The flag was replaced with a "states rights" flag.
May 21 Truce signed between Gen. William S. Harney (U.S. Army) and Gen. Sterling Price (Missouri Militia). (1) See this proclamation (known as the Price-Harney Agreement) designed to restore peace to the state.


May 24-29 Gen. William S. Harney and Gen. Sterling Price communications regarding reports of Arkansas troops entering Missouri.


May 27 A letter of warning to Gen. William S. Harney from the Lincoln administration.
May 28 Gen. Harney dispatches the first Missouri regiment (Union) to depart the state in response to President Lincoln's call for troops.


May 30 Gen. Harney is removed from command of Federal forces.  Blair had secured the order earlier in the month, and was given permission to withhold the order until it was an opportune moment. (1) Letter from Gen. Harney to the Secretary of War, dated June 5th.
June  Missouri transferred to the Department of the Ohio, commanded by Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, U.S. Army.


June 11 War is declared in Missouri.  Peace talks between Governor Jackson, General Sterling Price & Thomas Snead and Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, Frank Blair & Maj. Horace Conant fail.  General Lyon ends the four hour meeting  by stating, "Rather, than concede to the State of Missouri for one single instant the right to dictate to my government in any matter however important, I would see you, and you, and you, and you, and every man, woman, and child in the State, dead and buried!" Then after pausing he stated, "This means war. In an hour one of my officers will call for you and conduct you out of my lines." (7)


June 12 Governor of Missouri issues proclamation to the people of the state, asking all citizens since "Missouri is still one of the United States... it is your duty to obey all constitutional requirements of the Federal Government...but...you are under no obligation whatever to obey the un-constitutional edicts of military despotism which has enthroned itself at Washington...Rise, then, and drive out ignominiously the invaders who have dared to desecrate the soil which your labors have made fruitful and which is consecrated by your homes." (4) [Entire Proclamation by Gov. Jackson]


June 13 Jefferson City is deemed not defensible, by Gov. Jackson. The legally elected government of Missouri evacuates the state capitol. Gov. Jackson's administration will take with it the Official Seal of the State of Missouri as well as papers and currency of the Missouri State Treasury. (4)
June 13 Gen. Lyon's Federal forces depart aboard steamboats from the St. Louis riverfront. (1)
June 14 Capture, Jefferson City. (Federal)
June 13-17 Expedition from St. Louis to Booneville. (Federal)
June 17 Skirmish, Independence.
June 17 Engagement, Booneville.
June 18 Skirmish, Cole Camp.


June 18 Gen. Lyon issues his proclamation to the people of Missouri, alleging that the state authorities "...have falsely represented that the Government troops intended a forcible and violent invasion of Missouri for the purposes of military despotism and tyranny, I hereby give notice to the people of this State that I shall scrupulously avoid all interferences with the business, rights, and property of every description...belonging to law abiding citizens...All persons who, under the misapprehensions above mentioned, have taken up arms...are invited to return to their homes and relinquish their hostile attitude to the General Government and are assured that they may do so without being molested for past occurrences." (1)
June 22-23 Expedition, Little River. (Federal)
June 22 Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon's report of operations addressed from Camp Cameron, near Booneville.


June 24 Skirmish, Jackson.
June 30 Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon's report of operations, addressed from Booneville, Mo.
July 3 The Western Department constituted. (US)
July 4 Skirmish, Farmington.
July 5 Engagement, Carthage.
July 5 Skirmish, Briar Fork.
July 5 Skirmish, Dry Forks Creek.
July 5 Skirmish, Neosho.
July 9 Skirmish, Monroe Station.
July 11 Skirmish, Monroe Station.
July 15 Skirmish, Mexico.
July 15-17 Skirmishes, Wentzville.
July 16 Skirmish, Millville.
July 17 Skirmish, Martinsburg.
July 17-19 Skirmishes, Parkersville.
July 17 Skirmish, Fulton.
July 18 Skirmish, Martinsburg.
July 18 Action, Harrisonville.
July 20-25 Expedition from St. Louis. (Federal)
July 20-25 Expedition to Forsythe. (Federal)


July 22
Jefferson City, the Missouri State Convention began meeting, acting as a de facto state legislature, loyal to the Federal government. As elected, the state convention had only the authority to decide the secession question. Now it would consider amending "...the state constitution in order to replace the exiled state officials state officials and abrogated the Military Act that the legislature had recently passed..." This began Missouri's second state government; the other headed by Gov. Jackson was at war with the Federal government and was exiled from Jefferson City. (4) 


July 22 Skirmish, Forsythe.
July 22 Skirmish, Etna.
July 24 Action, Blue Mills.
July 25 Maj. Gen. John C. Fremont, U.S. Army, assumes command of the Western Department.
July 25 Skirmish, Harrisonville.
July 25 Skirmish, Dug Springs.
July 26 Skirmish, McCulla's Store.
July 26 Skirmish near Rolla.
July 26 Skirmish, Lane's Prairie.
July 27 Skirmish, Harrisonville.
July 28 Occupation of New Madrid. (Federal)


July 29 Brig. Gen. John Pope, U.S. Army, assumes command in Northern Missouri.


July 30 Jefferson City: At a meeting of the state convention, by a vote of 56 to 25, all state offices vacant or filled with "disloyal" persons are declared vacant. Hamilton R. Gamble, Provisional Governor; Willard P. Hall, Lt. Governor; Mordecai Oliver, Secretary of State, and George A. Bingham, Treasurer. Gov. Gamble's government would remain loyal to the Union and occupy the state capital. 


Aug. 1 Skirmish, Edina.
Aug. 2 Reconnaissance to Centreville. (Federal)
Aug. 2 Skirmish, Dug Springs.
Aug. 2 Reconnaissance from Ironton. (Federal)
Aug. 3 Skirmish, McCulla's Store.
Aug 5 Gen. Lyon's Federal forces retreat into Springfield.
Aug. 5 Skirmish, Athens.
Aug. 7-10 Expedition to Price's Landing. (Federal)
Aug. 7-10 Expedition to Hamburg. (Federal)
Aug. 7-10 Expedition to Benton. (Federal)
Aug. 7-10 Expedition to Commerce. (Federal)
Aug. 8  Brig. Gen. U.S. Grant, U.S. Army, assumes command of the District of Ironton, Mo.
 
Aug. 8 Springfield, Gen. Lyon (US) holds an officer's council. Decides attacking Southern forces at Wilson's Creek better than further retreat. "Let us eat the last bit of mule flesh and fire the last cartridge before we think of retreating."


Aug. 10 Battle, Oak Hills (Wilson’s Creek) Known to the Confederates as "Battle of Oak Hills" and to the Union as "Battle of Wilson's Creek." Union causalities 1,317 killed, wounded, missing; Confederate and Missouri State Guard causalities: 1,230. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon (US) is killed. Maj. Samuel Sturgis (US) orders a retreat.


Aug. 10 Skirmish, Potosi.
Aug. 10 Battle, Springfield.
Aug. 11 Affair, Hamburg.
Aug. 14 Martial law declared in Saint Louis, Mo. by Gen. Fremont. (US).
Aug. 15-16 Expedition to St. Genevieve. (Federal)
Aug. 16-21 Operations, Kirksville. (Federal)
Aug. 16 Expedition to Fredericktown. (Federal)
Aug. 17 Skirmish, Brunswick.
Aug. 17 Affair, Hunnewell.
Aug. 17 Affair, Palmyra.
Aug. 19 Skirmish, Klapsford.
Aug. 19-20 Skirmish, Charleston.
Aug. 19-20 Skirmish, Bird's Point.
Aug. 20 Attack on railroad train near Lookout Station, Mo.
Aug. 20 Skirmish, Fish Lake.
Aug. 20 The Confederate States of America pass legislation to give military aid to Missouri and to give approval to the plan to admit Missouri as a Confederate state.
Aug. 21-22 Skirmishes, Jonesborough.
Aug. 28-Sept. 5 Expedition, Jackson. (Federal)
Aug. 23 Skirmish, Medoc.
Aug. 28 Skirmish, Ball's Mills.
Aug. 28 Skirmish, Lexington.
Aug. 29 Skirmish, Morse's Mills.


Aug. 30 "Emancipation Proclamation," issued by General Fremont (US). Declares slaves owned by those aiding the rebel forces to be free.  Also extends martial law over the entire state. Those persons captured "with arms in their hands" within Federal lines "shall be tried by court-martial, and if found guilty will be shot."
Aug. 30-Sept. 7 Operations, Northeastern Missouri. (Federal)


Sept. 1 Brigadier-General Grant, U.S. Army, assumes command in Southeastern Missouri.
Sept. 1 Skirmish, Bennight's Mills.
Sept. 1-3 Expedition through Jefferson County. (Federal)
Sept. 2 Confederate military operations in Missouri and Arkansas are placed under the command of Maj. Gen. Leonidas Polk, commanding Confederate Department No. 2.
Sept. 2 Expedition to Columbia. (Federal)
Sept. 2 Skirmish, Dallas.
Sept. 2 Action, Dry Wood Creek.
Sept. 2 Expedition to Iberia. (Federal)
Sept. 4 Action, Shelbina.
Sept. 5 Skirmish, Papinsville.
Sept. 6. Skirmish, Monticello Bridge.
Sept. 7 Expedition to Big Springs. (Federal)
Sept. 8-9 Expedition against Green. (Federal)
Sept. 8-10 Reconnaissance, Lucas Bend. (Federal)
Sept. 8-10 Engagement, Lucas Bend.
Sept. 8-10 Reconnaissance of Columbus. (Federal)
Sept. 10 Reconnaissance, Norfolk. (Federal)
Sept. 11 Defense, Lexington. (Federal)
Sept. 12 Skirmish, Ironton.
Sept. 12 Skirmish, Black River.
Sept. 13 Action, Booneville.
Sept. 13 Capture, St. Joseph.
Sept. 13-20 Siege, Lexington. (Siege by Missouri State Militia on Federal forces)
Sept. 14 Skirmish, Old Randolph.
Sept. 17 Brig. Gen. B. M. Prentiss, U.S. Army, assigned to command along and north of the Hannibal and Saint Joseph Railroad.
Sept. 17. Skirmish, Morristown.
Sept. 17 Skirmish, Liberty.
Sept. 17 Skirmish, Blue Mills Landing.
Sept. 19 Skirmish, Glasgow.
Sept. 20 Surrender of Lexington. (Federal forces surrender)
Sept. 20 Skirmish, Osceola.
Sept. 22 Action, Camp Crittenden.
Sept. 22 Skirmish, Elliott's Mills.


Sept. 22 Action, Osceola. Gen. James Henry Lane's Kansas Jayhawkers U.S. troops skirmish with a small contingent of Missouri State Guard. Southern forces retreat from town after Lane orders his four artillery pieces to begin shelling the town. Once Lane enters the town, his men begin indiscriminately shooting civilians. Nine civilians were executed after sentence by a drum-head military tribunal. After plundering this town, the county seat of St. Clair County and an important center for the steamboat mercantile trade, the town was burned. Population 2,000-3,000. More than $1,000,000 of property damage. (10). Correspondence about the destruction of Osceola. 
Wiley Britton, a former Union soldier and historian, wrote: "In destroying the town Gen. Lane seemed to be unconscious of the fact that his conduct would be just excuse for retaliation....Perhaps upwards of one third of the people of St. Clair County were Unionists, and many of the men were in the Federal army...Gen. Lane destroyed and appropriated their property with the same recklessness that he did the property of the secessionists. He was incapable of seeing that the loyal people of Missouri were entitled to the protection of the Federal Government, even if they were fighting its battles." (9)


Sept. 26 Skirmish, Belmont.
Sept. 26 Skirmish, Lucas Bend.
Sept. 26 Skirmish, Hunter's Farm. (near Belmont)
Sept. 27 Skirmish near Norfolk.
Oct. 1 Skirmish, Butler.
Oct. 2 Expedition from Bird's Point. (Federal)
Oct. 2 Expedition to Charleston. (Federal)
Oct. 5 Skirmish, West Pelt.
Oct. 5-16 Expedition to Lexington. (Federal)
Oct. 7 Reconnaissance to Lucas Bend. (Federal)
Oct. 12 Skirmish, Cameron.
Oct. 12 Skirmish, Clintonville.
Oct. 12-25 Operations about Fredericktown. (Federal)
Oct. 12-25 Operations about Ironton. (Federal)
Oct. 13 Action at West Glaize, Dutch Hollow, or Monday Hollow near Henrytown.
Oct. 13 Skirmish, Pomme de Terre.
Oct. 13 Skirmish, Beckwith's Farm.
Oct. 13 Skirmish near Bird's Point.
Oct. 14 Skirmish near Bird's Point.
Oct. 14 Skirmish, Underwood's Farm.
Oct. 14 Skirmish, Rush Ridge Road.
Oct. 14 Skirmish, Linn Creek.
Oct. 15 Skirmish, Big River Bridge.
Oct. 15 Skirmish, Blackwell's Station.
Oct. 16 Skirmish near Linn Creek.
Oct. 16 Skirmish, Lexington.
Oct. 15 Skirmish near Potosi.
Oct. 17 Skirmish, Fredericktown.
Oct. 18 Skirmish, Fredericktown.
Oct. 18 Skirmish, Warrensburg.
Oct. 19 Action, Big Hurricane Creek.
Oct. 21 Action, Ironton.
Oct. 21 Action, Fredericktown.
Oct. 24 Skirmish, Jonesborough.
Oct. 25 Skirmish, Springfield (Charge of Fremont's Guard, under command of Maj. Charles Zagonyi (US). Drives Southern forces from town. At evening Zagonyi abandons his position).
Oct. 27 Skirmish, Spring Hill.
Oct. 27 Gen. Charles Fremont (US) occupies Springfield.
Oct. 28 Neosho, members of the 21st General Assembly (the original Missouri Legislature) vote to withdraw the state from the Union. "Secession Day" for Missouri's Confederates.
Oct. 28 Expedition to Fulton. (Federal)
Nov. 1-9 Expedition from Rolla. (Federal)
Nov. 1-9 Expedition against Freeman. (Federal)
Nov. 2 Gen. Charles Fremont (US) is relieved from command. Gen. David Hunter (US) appointed as the U.S. Army, Commander of Missouri.
Nov. 2-12 Expedition against Thompson. (Federal)
Nov. 2-12 Expedition from Ironton. (Federal)
Nov. 2-12 Expedition from Bird's Point. (Federal)
Nov. 2-12 Expedition from Cape Girardeau. (Federal)
Nov. 6 Engagement, Little Santa Fe.
Nov. 6-7 Expedition to Belmont. (Federal)
Nov. 7 Gen. Hunter (US) orders retreat from Springfield to Rolla.
Nov. 7 Engagement, Belmont. (Federal)
Nov. 8 Affair, Warrensburg.
Nov. 11 Skirmish, Little Blue.
Nov. 13-15 Expedition from Greenville. (Federal)
Nov. 13-15 Expedition to Doniphan. (Federal)
Nov. 13-18 Scout, Texas County. (Federal)
Nov. 13-18 Scout, Wright County. (Federal)
Nov. 18 Skirmish, Palmyra.
Nov. 18 Affair, Price's Landing.
Nov. 19 Gen. Hunter (US) is relieved of command. Lincoln orders Gen. Henry Halleck (US) as replacement.
Nov. 20 Skirmish, Butler.
Nov. 20 Skirmish, Little Santa Fe.
Nov. 21 Affair, Warsaw.
Nov. 24 Skirmish, Lancaster.
Nov. 24 Skirmish, Johnstown.
Nov. 25 Circular to Missouri State Guard troops regarding transfer of service to Confederate Army.
Nov. 26 Gen. Sterling Price's proclamation to the people of central and north Missouri.
Nov. 26 Skirmish, Independence.
Nov. 28 Richmond, Va. Confederate Congress admits Missouri as the 12th state of the Confederate States of America. 
Nov. 29 Skirmish, Sedalia.
Nov. 29 Skirmish, Black Walnut Creek.
Nov. 29 An act is passed by the Confederate Congress allowing Missouri to elect representatives to Congress.
Nov. 30 Skirmish, Grand River.
Dec. 1 Skirmish, Shanghai.
Dec. 3 Action, Salem, Dent Co.
Dec. 3-12 Scout, Saline County. (Federal)
Dec. 4 Skirmish, Dunksburg.
Dec. 5-9 Expedition through Current Hills. (Federal)
Dec. 6 Gen. Sterling Price (Mo State Guard) request assistance from Gen. McCulloch (Confederate Army) to move upon the Missouri River and Kansas.
Dec. 9 Skirmish, Union Mills.
Dec. 11 Skirmish, Bertrand.
Dec. 13 Skirmish, Charleston.
Dec 14 Gen. McCulloch's reply to Gen. Sterling Price (Dec 6).
Dec. 15-19 Expedition to Milford. (Federal)
Dec. 16 Gen. Sterling Price's letter to Jefferson Davis requesting aid.
Dec. 18 Action, Milford.
Dec. 18 Action, Shawnee Mound.
Dec. 18 Scout, Houston.
Dec. 18 Action, Blackwater Creek.
Dec. 19 Skirmish, Blackwater.
Dec. 20 President Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy replies to Gen. Sterling Price's letter (dated Dec 16).
Dec. 21 President Jefferson Davis' request for Missouri troops.
Dec. 21 Skirmish, Hudson.
Dec. 23 Expedition to Lexington. (Federal)
Dec. 23 Skirmish, Dayton.
Dec. 23 Gen. Polk's Letter to Gen. Sterling Price.
Dec. 24 Skirmish, Wadesburg.
Dec. 25 Expedition to Danville. (Federal)
Dec. 27 Skirmish near Hallsville.
Dec. 28 Action, Mount Zion Church.
Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, (U.S) is appointed Commander of the District of Southwestern Missouri by Gen. Henry Halleck. (9)
Dec. 29 Descent on Commerce. (Federal)

Compiled by Scott K. Williams
 
Sources:

  • 1 Nathaniel Lyon and Missouri in 1861, by James Peckham; American News Co., New York, NY; 1866
  • 2 Reminiscences of Gen.  Basil W. Duke, by Basil W. Duke; Originally 1911, reprinted 1977; Genesis Publishing Co., West Jefferson, OH; 1997
  • 3 The Civil War in St. Louis, by William C. Winter; Missouri Historical Society Press, St. Louis, MO; 1994
  • 4 Missouri's Confederate: Claiborne Fox Jackson and the Creation of  Southern Identity in the Border West, by Christopher Phillips; University of Missouri Press, Columbia, MO; 2000
  • 5 The Fight For Missouri, by Thomas L. Snead; Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, NY; 1886
  • 6 Civil War St. Louis, Louis S. Gerteis, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KA; 2001
  • 7 General Sterling Price and the Civil War in the West, by Albert Castel; Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA; 1968
  • 8 "Don't Yield An Inch!", The Missouri State Guard, by William G. Piston and Thomas P. Sweeney; North & South Magazine, Vol. 2 No. 5; North & South Magazine, Inc., Tollhouse, CA; June 1999
  • 9 "The Civil War On The Border", Vol. I 1861-1862, by Wiley Britton, 3rd edition; G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York, NY; 1899
  • 10 "Civil War On the Western Border 1854-1865", by Jay Monaghan; University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln NE; 1955

Other sources, not specified include:

    •  A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, by Frederick H. Dyer
    • The War of Rebellion, Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies
 
 
© Missouri Civil War Museum
Design and Hosting - Studio 2108 LLC